Business High School

## Answers

**Answer 1**

Waterway **Corporation **recognized a loss of $27,350 upon retiring $2,735,000 of bonds in 2020.

What was the loss recognized by Waterway upon retiring bonds in 2020?

When Waterway** Corporation retired **$2,735,000 of bonds in 2020, they had to account for any loss incurred. In this case, the loss recognized is determined by comparing the carrying amount of the bonds (the face amount less any unamortized premium or plus any unamortized discount) with the amount paid to retire them.

Waterway initially issued the bonds at a premium, which means the carrying amount would be higher than the face amount.

However, over time, they have been** amortizing **both the issue costs and the premium on a straight-line basis over the 10-year term of the bonds. By 2020, five years had passed since the issuance of the bonds.

To calculate the **carrying amount **of the bonds in 2020, we need to consider the unamortized premium and the unamortized issue costs. The unamortized premium can be calculated as the annual amortization rate multiplied by the number of years remaining, which is five in this case. Similarly, the unamortized issue **costs** can also be calculated as the annual amortization rate multiplied by the remaining years.

Once we have the unamortized premium and unamortized issue costs, we can subtract them from the face amount of the bonds to determine the carrying amount in **2020**.

Comparing this carrying amount with the amount paid to retire the bonds will give us the loss recognized by Waterway.

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## Related Questions

Would Monopoly firms want to raise their price in the elastic region of their demand curve? Why would monopoly firms want to establish goodwill with the public? explain

### Answers

Monopoly firms can create a favorable image, **strengthen **customer loyalty, and mitigate potential backlash or negative perceptions associated with their **market power**.

Monopoly firms generally do not want to raise their price in the elastic region of their demand curve. The **elastic **region of the demand curve is where the price elasticity of demand is greater than 1, meaning that a small change in price will result in a relatively larger change in quantity demanded. In this region, increasing the price would lead to a significant decrease in quantity **demanded**, resulting in a decrease in total revenue for the monopoly firm.

Monopoly firms often aim to maximize their profits, and increasing prices in the elastic region would work against this goal. Instead, they tend to operate in the **inelastic **region of the demand curve, where the price elasticity of demand is less than 1. In this region, consumers are less sensitive to price changes, allowing monopoly firms to increase prices and still maintain a **relatively **stable level of quantity demanded, resulting in higher total revenue.

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3. An investment pays interest to the investor n times per year, at a notional annual rate of 3%. This means that, each time the account pays interest, the value of the investment increases by -%. n (a) Show that, each year, the investment actually grows by r%, the equivalent annual rate, where n r 1+ (₁ + 100 100n [2] (b) Calculate the value of r when interest is paid quarterly, so n = 4. [1] (c) Calculate the continuously compounded rate, which is the limiting value of r as n in- creases towards infinity. [3] Your answers to parts (b) and (c) should be expressed to at least three decimal places.

### Answers

For an **investment **that pays **interest **n times per year at a notional annual rate of 3%, the investment actually grows by r% each year, where r is the equivalent annual rate. When interest is paid quarterly (n = 4), the value of r can be calculated.

(a) To find the equivalent annual **rate of growth**, we can use the formula r = (1 + i/n)^n - 1, where i is the notional annual rate and n is the number of times **interest** is paid per year. Plugging in the values i = 3% and n = 1, we get r = (1 + 0.03/1)^1 - 1, which simplifies to r = 3%.

(b) When interest is paid quarterly (n = 4), we can calculate the value of r by substituting the **values** into the formula: r = (1 + 0.03/4)^4 - 1. Evaluating this expression yields r = 3.038%.

(c) The continuously **compounded rate, **which represents the limiting value of r as n approaches infinity, can be found using the formula r = ln(1 + i/n), where ln denotes the natural logarithm. Substituting i = 3% and n = ∞, we have r = ln(1 + 0.03/∞), which simplifies to r = 3%. This means that as the number of compounding periods becomes infinitely large, the investment's growth approaches a continuous compounding rate of 3%.

In summary, for an investment paying interest n times per year at a notional annual rate of 3%, the equivalent annual rate of growth (r) can be calculated using the formula (1 + i/n)^n - 1. For quarterly compounding (n = 4), the value of r is approximately 3.038%. The continuously compounded rate, representing the limit as n approaches infinity, is 3%.

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On January 1, 2012, Albert invested $7,000 at 6 percent interest per year for three years. The CPI (times 100) on January 1, 2012, stood at 100. On January 1, 2013, the CPI was 105 on January 1, 2014, it was 110; and on January 1, 2015, the day Albert’s investment matured, the CPI was 118. Find the real rate of interest earned by Albert in each of the three years and his total real return over the three-year period. Assume that interest earnings are reinvested each year and themselves earn interest.

(Hint: Calculate inflation and real interest for each year and then calculate it for the three years as a whole.)

Instructions: Enter your responses rounded to one decimal place. If you are entering any negative numbers be sure to include a negative sign (−) in front of those numbers.

YearReal rate of interest

2012%

2013%

2014%

Total real rate of return: %.

### Answers

Albert earned a real rate of interest of 6%, 1%, and -4% in 2012, 2013, and 2014, respectively. The total real rate of return over the three-year period is 3%. These calculations account for **inflation **and provide a more accurate measure of the purchasing power of Albert's **investment**.

First, we calculate the inflation rate for each year by subtracting the initial CPI from the CPI of each subsequent year and dividing the result by the **initial **CPI. In 2013, the inflation rate is (105 - 100) / 100 = 0.05 or 5%. In 2014, the inflation rate is (110 - 100) / 100 = 0.1 or 10%. In 2015, the inflation rate is (118 - 100) / 100 = 0.18 or 18%. Next, we calculate the real rate of interest for each year by subtracting the inflation rate from the **nominal interest **rate. In 2012, the real rate of interest is 6% - 0% = 6%. In 2013, the real rate of interest is 6% - 5% = 1%. In 2014, the real rate of interest is 6% - 10% = -4% (negative indicating a loss).

Finally, to calculate the total real rate of **return **over the three-year period, we sum up the real rates of interest for each year. The total real rate of return is 6% + 1% - 4% = 3%. In summary, Albert earned a real rate of interest of 6%, 1%, and -4% in 2012, 2013, and 2014, respectively. The total real rate of return over the three-year period is 3%. These calculations account for **inflation **and provide a more accurate measure of the purchasing power of Albert's investment.

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Tim and Anna are a couple who have been married for 20 years. In 2010, they spent about $300,000 to buy a three-bedroom house near the beach as their own home, but in early 2021, they bought a new house to live in. So, they made their old home as an Airbnb. Despite good views, they managed to rent their house for only 180 days during the pandemic in 2021 and earned $55,000. Here are some of the businesses they have planned for the Airbnb house. • They made renovations and improvements to the house, including about $3,000 to paint the walls; $4000 for new flooring; The design cost of the house was $3,000; The purchase of furniture and decorations for the interior of the house cost about $5,000; Heating system upgrades cost about $5,000. They spent about $20,000 total on renovating and improving the house. • Airbnb's cleaning costs for that year were approximately $10,000, including cleaning rooms and changing sheets • As the new Airbnb host, they spent about $1,000 to promote the beachfront property • Water, Electricity, Gas, and Wi-Fi bills are approximately $1500 during the lease period. During the rental period, Tim and Anna have been living in the new house. The Water, Electricity, Gas, and Wi-Fi fee of their new house is about $2500. They want to deduct all the Water, Electricity, Gas, and Wi-Fi fees of their new house from Airbnb. Because they think that they are at home on the Internet to deal with Airbnb room booking and other situations, and processing Airbnb transactions is not limited to a single room. Tim and Anna want to know how these expenses should be deducted and whether all of the actions are ethical.

### Answers

Tim and Anna can deduct the expenses directly related to the operation of their **Airbnb rental property**, such as renovations, cleaning costs, and promotional expenses.

However, deducting the Water, Electricity, Gas, and Wi-Fi fees of their new house may not be considered appropriate or ethical, as these expenses are associated with their personal residence and not directly incurred for the Airbnb rental property.

1. **Deductible Expenses**:

a. Renovations and improvements: The expenses incurred for renovations and improvements to the Airbnb rental property, such as painting, new flooring, design costs, furniture, and decorations, are considered direct expenses related to the operation of the rental property. These expenses, totaling $20,000, can be deducted.

b. **Cleaning costs**: The cleaning costs associated with maintaining the Airbnb rental property, including cleaning rooms and changing sheets, amounting to $10,000, are eligible for deduction as they directly contribute to the operation and upkeep of the property.

c. Promotional **expenses**: The $1,000 spent on promoting the beachfront property as an Airbnb rental is a legitimate expense directly related to marketing and attracting guests. It can be deducted.

2. Non-Deductible Expenses:

a. Water, Electricity, Gas, and Wi-Fi fees of the new house: These expenses are associated with Tim and Anna's personal residence and not directly incurred for the Airbnb rental property. Therefore, it may not be appropriate or ethical to deduct these expenses from the rental income generated by the Airbnb property.

It is essential to maintain proper records and accurately report income and expenses related to the Airbnb rental property. Seeking advice from a tax professional or accountant familiar with rental property taxation can provide specific guidance based on the applicable tax laws and regulations in their jurisdiction.

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What is the economic order quantity using the simple EOQ model?

A) 527

B) 589

C) 416

D) 645

E) 721

### Answers

The economic order quantity using the simple **EOQ model** can be found by using the formula:

EOQ = √((2DS) / H)

where

D = annual demand, S = order cost, and H = holding cost per unit per year.

To calculate EOQ, one needs to know the annual demand, the order cost, and the holding cost per unit per year.

Once all these values are known, the formula above can be used to calculate the EOQ value.

Let's take an example where the **annual demand** is 1000 units, the order cost is $25, and the holding cost per unit per year is $5.

**Substituting** these values into the formula:

EOQ = √((2 x 1000 x $25) / $5)

= √(50,000)

= 223.61

Therefore, the economic order quantity using the simple EOQ model is approximately 224 units.

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create a detailed Risk

Assessment. Assessing each risk involves determining the likelihood that the risk event will

occur and the degree of impact the event will have on the project.

Each of these factors can be assigned a rating of high, medium, or low. In addition to assessing

the likelihood, we need to identify the impact, action trigger, and response plan.

should identify 7-10 risk events.

list of activities

Activity#, Activity Description, Predecessors, Time in Days, Cost

1 Finalize sites & facility contracts 28 $10,000

2 Select race promoter 1 14 $7,500

3 Hire Race Manager 2 21 $5,000

4 Design Promotional Website 2 25 $10,000

5 Finalize TV right 2 60 $8,000

6 Hire Director 2 28 $7,500

7 Plan for TV camera placement 6 13 $7,250

8 Target entertainment 2 45. $12,500

9 Set venue capacity 3 3 $2,000

10 On-site fundraising 12 6 $1,500

11 Lease sound and staging equipment 3 8. $5,500

12 Passes & stage credentials 7,16,18 4 $2,500

13 Finalize sponsors 17 35 $9,000

14 Define & place signage for sponsors 5,17,24 8 $3,000

15 Sign Concession Contracts 2,11 32 $8,000

16 Purchase Race awards. 2 48 $5,500

17 Develop site plan 21. 31. $9,000

18 Hire Security Director 2 20 $4,200

19 Hire Support Staff 21,23 17. $3,600

20 Develop police/fire security plan 23 55 $10,000

21 Develop Traffic Plan 10,20,23 20 $9,500

22 Determine Reqmts for Power, Facilities 17. 30 $6,200

23 Secure Merchandise sales 2 25 $6,100

24 Install Power/plumbing/AC/Toilet Svcs 27 6 $9,500

25 Construct Stage. 3,14,22 2. $7,000

26 Test Sound/Lighting 15 2 $3,000

27 Ready for Race 19,25,26 1

### Answers

**Risk Assessment:**

1. Site/Facility Contract Delays:

Likelihood: Medium

Impact: High

Action **Trigger**: Delays in finalizing contracts

Response Plan: Regularly communicate with vendors, have backup options, expedite contract negotiations.

2. Race **Promoter** Selection Challenges:

Likelihood: Low

Impact: Medium

Action Trigger: Difficulties in finding a suitable race promoter

Response Plan: Expand search criteria, engage industry connections, consider alternative promotion strategies.

3. Race **Manager** Hiring Issues:

Likelihood: Medium

Impact: High

Action Trigger: Delays or difficulties in hiring a race manager

**Response** Plan: Utilize recruitment agencies, conduct thorough interviews, have contingency plans for interim management.

4. **Promotional** Website Design Delays:

Likelihood: Low

Impact: Medium

Action Trigger: Delays in designing the promotional website

Response Plan: Set clear milestones, engage experienced web developers, allocate additional resources if needed.

5. TV Rights Finalization Challenges:

Likelihood: Medium

Impact: High

Action Trigger: Delays or complications in finalizing TV rights

Response Plan: Engage experienced negotiators, maintain open communication with TV networks, consider alternative broadcasting options.

6. Director Hiring Difficulties:

Likelihood: Medium

Impact: Medium

Action **Trigger**: Challenges in hiring a suitable director

Response Plan: Widely advertise the position, utilize recruitment agencies, conduct thorough interviews.

7. TV Camera Placement Planning Issues:

Likelihood: Medium

Impact: Low

Action Trigger: Difficulties in planning TV camera placements

Response Plan: Engage experienced production teams, consider venue layout and visual requirements, conduct site visits.

8. Entertainment Targeting Challenges:

Likelihood: Low

Impact: Medium

Action Trigger: Difficulties in identifying suitable entertainment options

Response Plan: Engage entertainment agencies, conduct thorough research on audience preferences, have backup options.

9. Venue Capacity Misjudgment:

Likelihood: Medium

Impact: High

Action Trigger: Misjudgment of venue capacity leading to overcrowding or insufficient space

Response Plan: Conduct thorough capacity analysis, engage venue management for accurate assessments, have contingency plans for overflow.

10. On-Site Fundraising Difficulties:

Likelihood: Low

Impact: Low

Action Trigger: Challenges in raising funds during the event

Response Plan: Develop comprehensive fundraising strategies, engage sponsors and partners, encourage attendee participation.

These are 10 risk events identified with their likelihood, impact, action triggers, and response plans.

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Briefly define and explain VMI. What are the advantages and

disadvantages of VMI? For what types of products would you employ

this technique and why?

### Answers

VMI, or **Vendor-Managed Inventory**, is a supply chain management technique in which the supplier takes responsibility for managing and replenishing the **inventory **of a customer. The supplier closely monitors the customer's inventory levels and initiates replenishment orders as needed.

VMI offers several advantages. First, it allows the supplier to have better visibility into the customer's **inventory**, enabling them to anticipate demand and plan production accordingly. This leads to improved order fulfillment and reduced **stockouts**. Second, VMI helps streamline the supply chain by reducing the need for frequent order placements and improving **order accuracy**.

Third, it promotes **collaboration** and trust between the supplier and customer, as they work together to optimize inventory levels and meet customer demand. However, VMI also has its disadvantages. It requires a high level of coordination and information sharing between the supplier and customer, which can be challenging to achieve. There is also a risk of overstocking if demand fluctuates significantly or if the supplier does not accurately forecast the customer's needs.

VMI is particularly beneficial for products with stable demand patterns and regular replenishment needs. Industries such as retail, automotive, and healthcare, where products have predictable usage and require frequent replenishment, can benefit from VMI. For example, in the healthcare sector, VMI can be employed for medical supplies and pharmaceuticals, ensuring that hospitals and clinics have adequate stock levels to meet patient needs while minimizing the risk of stockouts.

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ent 9-Ch 9 i nt The Hilton Skating Club used straight-line depreciation for a used Zamboni ice-resurfacing machine that cost $52,500, under the assumption it would have a four-year life and a $6,800 trade-in value. After two years, the club determined that the Zamboni still had three more years of remaining useful life, after which it would have an estimated $4,390 trade-in value. Required: 1. Calculate the Zamboni's book value at the end of its second year. Zamboni's book value Saved 2. Calculate the amount of depreciation to be charged during each of the remaining years in the Zamboni's revised useful life. Amount of depreciation

### Answers

The **Zamboni's **book value at the end of its second year is $37,600.

To calculate the Zamboni's book value at the end of its **second year**, we need to determine the accumulated depreciation. The straight-line method evenly spreads the depreciation expense over the useful life of the asset. In this case, the Zamboni's original cost is $52,500, and it has a four-year life.

The annual **depreciation** expense can be calculated by dividing the difference between the original cost and the estimated trade-in value by the useful life: ($52,500 - $6,800) / 4 = $11,675 per year.

Since two years have passed, the accumulated depreciation at the end of the second year is $11,675 x 2 = $23,350.

The book value is calculated by subtracting the accumulated depreciation from the **original cost**: $52,500 - $23,350 = $29,150.

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QUESTION 1

In economics what are the three key problems? [3]

QUESTION 2

Identify 4 factors affecting aggregate demand (AD). [4]

### Answers

The three central issues in economics include what to produce, how to produce it, and for whom to produce it. These are known as the **economic issues** of production.

The following are the four factors that affect** aggregate demand**:

Consumer Spending - When consumer spending rises, aggregate demand will also increase. This is because as consumers spend more, firms will need to generate more goods and services to meet the growing demand.

Government Spending - When the government increases spending on goods and services, aggregate demand rises. This increase in demand is because government spending generates **employment **and economic growth, and it may lead to an increase in consumer spending as well.

Investment - When firms invest more in new machinery, technology, or other forms of capital, it stimulates the economy and aggregate demand rises. This is because investment generates job growth and leads to greater economic output, which leads to more consumer spending and increased aggregate demand.

**Net Export Spending** - Net export spending is the difference between a country's exports and imports. When net export spending is positive, meaning that the country is exporting more than it is importing, aggregate demand rises.

This is because exporting stimulates the economy and leads to increased employment, which in turn leads to greater consumer spending and increased aggregate demand. The changes in the four factors described above contribute to shifts in the aggregate demand curve. When aggregate demand shifts to the right, it implies an increase in the amount of goods and services demanded. Conversely, a shift to the left indicates a decrease in the quantity of goods and services demanded.

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External analysis enables a firm to determine what the firm: Might choose to do Can do Should do Will do

### Answers

**External analysis** enables a firm to determine what the firm might choose to do. Option a is correct.

It is by identifying opportunities and threats in the external environment that may be relevant to the firm's future strategic choices. This includes analyzing **market** trends, competitor behavior, technological advancements, regulatory changes, and other factors that may impact the firm's operations and performance.

By assessing these factors, the firm can identify potential paths for growth or diversification and evaluate their feasibility and attractiveness.

However, what the **firm** "will do" ultimately depends on a range of internal and external factors, including the firm's capabilities, resources, values, and goals, as well as the specific opportunities and threats that emerge over time.

Therefore, a is correct.

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Choose specific industry of your choice and briefly describe the business to established based on the capital, type of business, nature of business, and scope of operations.

2. Apply the process of Job Analysis in your business.

### Answers

**Scope of Operations**: The company operates both locally and globally, serving clients from different regions. They have a team of skilled software engineers, to deliver **high-quality software **solutions.

In the **software development business**, job analysis plays a crucial role in understanding the tasks, responsibilities, and skills required for each role within the organization. The process involves collecting information about job duties, By conducting job analysis, the company can accurately define job descriptions, set performance expectations, and determine appropriate **compensation levels**. This information helps in recruiting the right candidates, creating effective training programs, and evaluating employee performance. Additionally, job analysis helps identify any skill gaps or areas for improvement, enabling the company to align its** hiring and training **strategies to meet business objectives effectively.

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You are interested in a 3-month forward contract on GBP. Suppose the spot exchange rate is $1.40/E, the 3 -month interest rate on USD is 5%, and the 3 -month interest rate on GBP is 5.5%. If the forward price is given to be $1.41/E, explain whether there is an arbitrage opportunity. If there is an arbitrage opportunity, explain how you could exploit it by drawing a transaction table to detail your strategy.

### Answers

Exploit the **arbitrage opportunity** by borrowing E, investing in USD, entering into a forward contract, and receiving E at the end of three months.

In the given question, spot exchange rate (S) = $1.40/E Forward exchange rate (F) = $1.41/E Interest rate on USD (rUSD) = 5%Interest rate on GBP (rGBP) = 5.5%Time (t) = 3 months.The formula for calculating the Forward exchange rate is:F = S × [(1 + rGBP)t / (1 + rUSD)t]F = 1.40 × [(1 + 5.5%/4) / (1 + 5%/4)]F = $1.40675/E. The forward price is less than the calculated forward price.

Hence, there is an arbitrage opportunity. Strategy to exploit the arbitrage opportunity:

Step 1: Borrow 1,00,000 E for three months at the GBP interest rate **Investment** amount = 1,00,000 EInterest rate = 5.5% Time period = 3 monthsInterest amount = Investment × interest rate × timeInterest amount = 1,00,000 E × 5.5% × 3/12 Interest amount = 1,375 E Total amount to be repaid = Investment + interest amountTotal amount to be repaid = 1,01,375 E

Step 2: Convert E into USD at the spot exchange rate Investment amount = 1,00,000 E Spot exchange rate = $1.40/E Investment amount in USD = Investment amount × spot exchange rate Investment amount in USD = 1,00,000 E × $1.40/E Investment amount in **USD **= $1,40,000

Step 3: Invest USD for three months at the USD interest rateInvestment amount = $1,40,000Interest rate = 5%Time period = 3 monthsInterest amount = Investment × interest rate × timeInterest amount = $1,40,000 × 5% × 3/12Interest amount = $1,750Total amount to be **repaid **= Investment + interest amountTotal amount to be repaid = $1,41,750

Step 4: Enter into a 3-month forward contractInvestment amount = $1,40,000Forward exchange rate = $1.41/EAmount in E = Investment amount / forward exchange rateAmount in E = $1,40,000 / $1.41/EAmount in E = 99,290.07 E

Step 5: Receive E at the end of three monthsConvert USD to E at the forward exchange rateAmount in USD = Total amount to be repaid / forward exchange rateAmount in USD = $1,41,750 / $1.41/EAmount in USD = 1,00,000 E

The investment in E after **repaying** the loan and receiving the E is as follows: Investment in E = Amount in E – Total amount to be repaid Investment in E = 99,290.07 E – 1,01,375 E Investment in E = -2,084.93 EThe loss from the investment in E is $1,141.41 ($1.40/E × 2,084.93 E).

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The real interest rate is 5 percent and the nominal interest rate is 4 percent. The economy is experiencing at a rate of percent. inflation; 1 deflation; 9 deflation; 1 inflation; 9

### Answers

The economy is experiencing 1 percent **inflation**. The real interest rate is the nominal interest rate adjusted for inflation. It represents the purchasing power of the interest earned or paid.

Real interest rate = Nominal **interest** rate - Inflation rate

Given that the nominal interest rate is 4 percent and the real interest rate is 5 percent, we can use the formula to determine the inflation **rate**.

5% = 4% - Inflation rate

Rearranging the equation:

Inflation rate = 4% - 5%

Inflation rate = -1%

Therefore, the economy is experiencing 1 percent **deflation** (negative inflation rate).

The **economy** is experiencing 1 percent deflation, which means that prices are decreasing by 1 percent. This results in a negative inflation rate.

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Rotorua Products, Ltd., of New Zealand markets agricultural products for the burgeoning Asian consumer market. The company�s current assets, current liabilities, and sales have been reported as follows over the last five years (Year 5 is the most recent year):

Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

Sales$1,800,000$1,980,000$2,070,000$2,160,000$2,250,000Cash$50,000$65,000$48,000$40,000$30,000Accounts receivable, net300,000345,000405,000510,000570,000Inventory600,000660,000690,000720,000750,000Total current assets$950,000$1,070,000$1,143,000$1,270,000$1,350,000Current liabilities$400,000$440,000$520,000$580,000$640,000Required:

1.Express all of the asset, liability, and sales data in trend percentages. Use Year 1 as the base year.(Round your percentage answers to 1 decimal place (i.e., 0.1234 should be entered as 12.3).)

YEAR 1

YEAR 2

YEAR 3

YEAR 4

YEAR 5

SALES

CURRENT ASSETS:

CASH

ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

INVENTORY

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS

CURRENT LIABILITIES

### Answers

Here are the **trend percentages** for Rotorua Products, Ltd.:

The Trend Percentages

*Year 1 | Year 2 | Year 3 | Year 4 | Year 5*

------- | -------- | -------- | -------- | --------

Sales | 100.00% | 109.45% | 115.00% | 122.22% | 127.78%

**Current Assets**: | | | | |

Cash | 100.00% | 130.00% | 96.00% | 80.00% | 60.00%

**Accounts Receivable **| 100.00% | 115.00% | 135.00% | 170.00% | 190.00%

Inventory | 100.00% | 110.00% | 115.00% | 120.00% | 125.00%

Total Current Assets | 100.00% | 112.60% | 120.30% | 133.70% | 142.10%

Current Liabilities | 100.00% | 110.00% | 130.00% | 145.00% | 160.00%

As you can see,** sales have increased** by 27.78% over the past five years. Current assets have also increased but at a slower rate of 42.10%.

This suggests that the company is managing its **assets** efficiently and is able to keep up with the growth in sales.

**Current liabilities** have increased at a faster rate than sales, which could be a sign that the company is taking on too much debt to finance its growth.

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Consider the following production function

Q=L2+ K2

a) Calculate the marginal product of labor

b) Calculate the marginal product of labor capital

c) Calculate the marginal rate of technical substitution of labor for capital and indicate if it is increasing, decreasing or constant.

d) Indicate if the production function exhibits increasing, decreasing or constant return to scale. Explain how you obtain your answer

e) Graph the isoquant associated to the production of Q-100. Show the graph and also a table indicating the values of L and K used in at least three points in the isoquant.

### Answers

**MPL** = 20 / 2 = 10 if labour rose by 2 and output grew by 20. Given that all else is equal, the** marginal product **of capital is computed by dividing the change in output by the change in capital. For **instance**, if output rose by 20 and capital rose by 4, then MPL would be 20 / 4 = 5.

**Marginal Product **is equal to (Qn-Qn-1) / (Ln-Ln-1).

1. Total Production at time n is denoted by Qn.

2. Total Production at time n-1 is known as Qn-1.

3. The unit at time n is Ln.

4.The Unit at time n-1 is Ln-1.

It means that the final output has **additional** variable aspects. Marginal product therefore equals **modified** output/modified input.

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What has happened to the size and destination for inward Foreign Direct Investment? 3) Compare and contrast vertically versus horizontally integrated MNCs.

### Answers

The size and destination for inward **Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)** has generally increased, reflecting the growing importance of international investments in the **global economy**.

In recent years, the size of inward FDI has grown as **multinational corporations (MNCs)** seek opportunities for expansion and market access in foreign countries. This growth can be attributed to factors such as globalization, advancements in technology and communication, and the liberalization of trade and investment policies.

Regarding the destination of FDI, there has been a notable shift towards emerging markets and developing countries. These economies offer attractive investment opportunities due to factors such as rapid **economic growth**, expanding consumer markets, abundant natural resources, and favorable investment climates. MNCs are increasingly targeting these markets to tap into their potential and gain a competitive advantage.

In contrast, vertically integrated MNCs are characterized by a hierarchical structure where the parent company controls different stages of the **production process**. This integration allows for greater control over the supply chain, cost efficiencies, and the ability to capture a larger portion of the value chain.

On the other hand, horizontally integrated MNCs focus on expanding their operations in the same industry or market segment across different countries. They may acquire or establish subsidiaries or joint ventures to access new markets, diversify their **customer base**, or benefit from economies of scale. Horizontal integration allows MNCs to consolidate their market presence and gain a competitive advantage by leveraging their expertise and resources in a specific industry.

Overall, the size and destination of inward FDI have shown a trend of growth and a shift towards emerging markets and developing countries. Vertically and horizontally integrated MNCs differ in their approach to international expansion, with** vertical integration** focusing on controlling the production process and horizontal integration seeking market expansion within the same industry.

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Shares in some company are currently selling at $30 each. A bearish trader can either buy 100 put options for a total of $100 with a strike price of $30 per share, or short sell 100 shares after paying a fee of $80. Which of the following is correct? The no arbitrage assumption means that the proft is always the same, whether buying put options or short selling shares The put option will protect the trader from potentially large losses. Since share prices will fall, the trader will definitely make a proft.

### Answers

Out of the options given in the problem, the following one is correct:

The put option will protect the **trader** from potentially large losses.

**Arbitrage assumption** can be defined as a situation where an investor can make a profit from the differences in prices of two markets without any significant risk. In this case, we have to decide which option will be the most profitable for the trader among the two options. The trader can either short-sell 100 shares or can buy 100 put options at $1 each with a strike price of $30 per share and the total cost would be $100.As per the given problem, the shares are currently selling at $30 each. If the trader goes with the first option, he will have to short sell 100 shares after paying the fee of $80. Therefore, the total cost for this option will be:$3,000 - $80 = $2,920On the other hand, if the trader goes with the second option, he will have to buy 100 put options at $1 each. Therefore, the **total cost** for this option will be:

$100As per problem, we need to select the correct statement from the given options. The no-arbitrage assumption means that the profit is always the same, whether buying put options or short-selling shares is an incorrect statement since the arbitrage assumption does not guarantee that the profit would be the same in both cases.

The statement, "Since share prices will fall, the trader will definitely make a profit," is also incorrect as the share prices may not necessarily fall. However, the put option will protect the trader from **potentially large losses**. It means that if the share price falls, the trader will be protected by the put option and will not suffer huge losses. Therefore, the correct option is "The put option will protect the trader from potentially large losses.

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1. What is the rational for maximization of stock- holder wealth

as a goal of the firm?

2.Financial Statements and Ratio Analysis provide some useful

information about a company's operations and finan

### Answers

"What is the **rational** for maximization of stock- holder wealth as a goal of the firm?" is as follows: The objective of the business is to maximize its shareholders' wealth. Shareholder wealth refers to the stockholders' economic welfare.

Stockholders' welfare is represented by the **stock prices**. So, the main objective of the firm is to maximize the stock prices. It may be done by increasing the earnings of the firm, which in turn would increase the stock prices. The main answer to "**Financial Statements** and Ratio Analysis provide some useful information about a company's operations and financial" is as follows:Financial statements and ratio analysis provide useful information about a company's operations and financial health.

Financial statements help investors, **creditors**, and other interested parties assess a company's financial performance. They are made up of several documents, such as balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements. **Ratio** analysis is a tool used to analyze a company's financial statements. Ratios are calculated by dividing one number from the financial statements by another number. Ratios are then used to assess a company's liquidity, profitability, and solvency.

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Suppose that n=374 i.i.d. observations for (Y yield the following regression results: Y

^

=32.64+66.89X,SER=16.17,R 2

=0.81 entered twice, observation 2 entered twice, and so forth). Which of the following estimated parameters change as result? (Check all that apply) A. The R 2

of the regression. B. The standard error of the regression (SER). C. The estimated intercept and slope. D. The standard errors of the estimated coefficients. Using the 748 observations, what results will be produced by his regression program? Y

=32.64+66.89X,SER=R 2

=0.81 (Round your responses to two decimal places)

### Answers

The presence of duplicated observations may affect the standard errors of the estimated coefficients and possibly bias the** standard error** of the regression (SER). However, the estimated intercept, estimated slope, and R² value do not change as a result of duplicated observations.

In the given scenario, there are 374 observations, but some of them are duplicated. This affects the **regression** results in the following ways:

A. The R² of the regression: The R² value does not change as a result of duplicated observations. It remains at 0.81.

B. The standard error of the regression (SER): The standard error of the regression represents the average deviation of the actual values from the predicted values. Since the duplicated observations introduce repeated data points, the standard error may be underestimated as it does not fully account for the **variability **in the dataset. Therefore, the standard error of the regression may be biased and likely underestimated.

C. The estimated intercept and slope: The estimated intercept and slope coefficients, 32.64 and 66.89 respectively, do not change as a result of duplicated observations. These **coefficients** are obtained based on the entire dataset, including the duplicated observations.

D. The standard errors of the estimated coefficients: The standard errors of the estimated coefficients may be affected by the presence of duplicated observations. As mentioned earlier, duplicated observations introduce repeated data points, and this can impact the calculation of standard errors. The standard errors may be underestimated or biased due to the duplicated data.

Using the 748 observations, the regression program would produce the following results:

The estimated intercept would remain at 32.64.

The estimated slope would remain at 66.89.

The standard error of the regression (SER) would remain unchanged.

The R² value would remain at 0.81.

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Page 23 of 100 The primary purpose of the Delphi technique is: To reduce bias. Analytical hierarchy process. Extrapolation from historical data. A technical perspective

### Answers

The primary purpose of the **Delphi technique** is to reduce bias.

The Delphi technique is a structured method used to gather and synthesize expert opinions in a systematic and anonymous manner. Its main purpose is to reduce bias by creating a **platform **where experts can provide their input without being influenced by others or group dynamics. In this technique, experts are asked to individually provide their opinions or forecasts on a particular issue or question. These responses are then collected, analyzed, and summarized, without revealing the identities of the experts. By maintaining anonymity and independence, the Delphi technique minimizes the influence of personal biases, social pressures, or dominant personalities that can often skew the results of **group **discussions or decision-making processes.

The Delphi technique is especially valuable when dealing with complex or uncertain problems where there is a need for diverse perspectives. It helps to mitigate the impact of cognitive biases, such as confirmation bias or anchoring bias, that can hinder **objective **decision-making. By systematically gathering and synthesizing expert opinions, the Delphi technique aims to provide a more accurate and reliable assessment of a situation or a set of future scenarios.

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QUESTION 31

You have just been hired as a financial manager for BEE Inc. Management has provided you with the information below and has asked you to provide a brief explanation for each of the following questions. Your answer must be a minimum of one sentence and no longer than two or three sentences. One word answers or an answer of good or bad only will receive zero marks.

202120202019

Current ratio.991.321.69

Total debt ratio0.5400.4950.489

Profit Margin0.100.110.14

Inventory Turnover2.603.144.18

a. Based on the results of the past three years, how is the company doing in regards to their ability to pay their short-term debts? Please refer to the specific ratio you would point out to management that backs up your answer.

b. The benchmark industry average for the debt ratio is ,490. What does this mean for BEE Inc.?

c. The benchmark industry average for the profit margin is .15. What advice would you give management in relation to the profit margin?

d. What does the Inventory Turnover ratio tell you about how well BEE Inc. is doing at managing their inventory? What suggestions would you provide to BEE Inc.

e. What goal should always motive the actions of a firm's financial manager?

### Answers

As I have just been hired as a financial manager for BEE Inc. **Management**.

a. Based on the results of the past three years, the company's ability to pay their** short-term debts** has deteriorated is decreasing trend in the current ratio and it indicates a declining ability to cover short-term obligations.

b. BEE Inc.'s debt ratio of 0.540 is higher than the industry benchmark average of 0.490. So, the suggestion for BEE Inc. has a higher proportion of debt in its capital structure compared to the** industry average**, which may indicate higher financial risk.

c. The profit margin of 0.10 is lower than the industry benchmark average of 0.15. So, they have to focus on improving the company's profitability by implementing **cost-cutting** measures or improving operational efficiency.

d. The decreasing trend in the inventory indicates that BEE Inc. is taking longer to sell its inventory. I would suggest implementing inventory management strategies.

e. The goal that should always motivate the actions of a firm's financial manager is to maximize **shareholder** wealth means making decisions that increase the long-term value of the company and generate good returns for the shareholders.

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Why are defined contribution pension plans gaining in

popularity in the United States and defined benefit plans losing

popularity?

### Answers

The 401(k) plan is popular because it is portable, meaning that the employee can take the plan with them if they change jobs.

In the United States, **defined contribution pension** **plans** are gaining in popularity, while defined benefit plans are losing popularity. The following are some of the reasons why defined contribution pension plans are gaining popularity:

**Individual Retirement Account** (IRA)

The IRA (Individual Retirement Account) is a defined contribution plan that enables you to contribute funds to a retirement account in your name. The contributions made to the IRA are tax-deductible, and the money invested in the IRA grows tax-free. This means that when you retire, you will have a larger amount of money saved in your account.

**Retirement Savings** PlanA retirement savings plan is a defined contribution plan that allows you to save money for retirement. The employer contributes a percentage of the employee's salary to the plan, and the employee can contribute to the plan as well. The employer can also match a portion of the employee's contribution to the plan. When the employee retires, they receive the amount of money that they have saved in the plan.401(k) PlanA 401(k) plan is a defined contribution plan that allows you to save money for retirement. The employee **contributes** a portion of their salary to the plan, and the employer can match a portion of the employee's contribution to the plan. When the employee retires, they receive the amount of money that they have saved in the plan. The 401(k) plan is popular because it is portable, meaning that the employee can take the plan with them if they change jobs.

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A customer settled an overdue account in the amount of $800 on January 16. The customer signed a 30-day promissory note for $700 bearing 12% and gave $100 in cash to the lender. The lender properly accrues interest at the end of January. The promissory note was honored on the date of maturity. Prepare the journal entries needed with the correct dates.

### Answers

The journal entries for the given transaction are:January 16: Cash $100Accounts receivable $700Interest receivable $100January 31: Interest receivable $8Interest revenue $8February 15: Cash $708Interest receivable $8Interest revenue $4Accounts receivable $700The reason is,Given data:Amount settled by customer = $800Amount of promissory note = $700Cash given = $100Rate of interest = 12%Date of the transaction = January 16Since the customer settled an overdue account in the amount of $800 on January 16 and the customer signed a 30-day promissory note for $700 bearing 12% and gave $100 in cash to the lender, the journal entry for the transaction will be:Cash $100Accounts receivable $700As of January 31, the interest will be accrued properly by the lender, which will be:Interest receivable $8Interest revenue $8Therefore, the journal entry for February 15 will be:Cash $708Interest receivable $8Interest revenue $4Accounts receivable $700

a. a chon did i1sl 4. a rahar of 134,? puind to the thesstitert) Staton-Smith Software is a new start-up company and will not pay dividends for the first five years of operation. It will then institute an annual cash dividend policy of $4,75 with a constant growth rate of 5%, with the first dividend at the end of year six. The company will be in business for 25 years total What is the shock's price if an investor wants a. a return of 11% ? b. a return of 15% ? c. a return of 23 ∘

% ? d. a return of 38% ? a. What is the stock's price if an investor wants a return of 11% ? (Round to the nearest cent.)

### Answers

the stock's price if an investor wants a return of 11% is $83.13.The price of a stock can be calculated using the constant growth rate formula, which is: P = D1 / (k - g)Here, P is the stock price, D1 is the **dividend** at the end of year 5, k is the required rate of return, and g is the constant growth rate. So, answer is A.

To calculate the stock's price if an investor wants a return of 11%:Given, The annual **cash** dividend policy = $4.75The constant growth rate of the company = 5%The first dividend is at the end of year six.The company will be in business for 25 years total. Required rate of return = 11%.

Since the company will not pay dividends for the first five years of operation, the first dividend will be at the end of year six.Therefore, D1 = $4.75 × (1 + 5%) = $4.75 × 1.05 = $4.9875.Using the formula, P = D1 / (k - g)P = $4.9875 / (0.11 - 0.05)P = $4.9875 / 0.06P = $83.125Round off the price to the nearest cent, so the **stock** price is $83.13.

Thus, the stock's price if an investor wants a return of 11% is $83.13.The answer is A.

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Justin Company's budget includes the following credit sales for the current year: September, $41,000; October, $52,000; November, $46,000; December, $48,000. Credit sales are collected as follows: 20% in the month of sale, 55% in the first month after sale, 22% in the second month after sale, and 3% is uncollectible. How much cash can Justin expect to collect in November as a result of current and past credit sales?

Multiple Choice

$35,420.

$46,820.

$49,620.

$44,220.

$46,000.

### Answers

Justin Company can expect to collect $49,620 in cash in November as a result of current and past** credit sales.**

To calculate the cash expected to be collected in November, we need to consider the credit sales for September, October, and November.

For September credit sales ($41,000), 20% is collected in the month of sale, which is $41,000 * 20% = $8,200.

For October credit sales ($52,000), 55% is collected in the first month after sale, which is $52,000 * 55% = $28,600.

For November credit sales ($46,000), since it is the current month, we assume that 100% will be collected, which is $46,000.

Therefore, the total cash expected to be collected in November is $8,200 + $28,600 + $46,000 = $82,800.

However, 3% of the total credit sales are** uncollectible, **which is $41,000 + $52,000 + $46,000 = $139,000 * 3% = $4,170.

final cash , the Expected to be collected in November after **considering **the uncollectible amount is $82,800 - $4,170 = $78,630.

Among the multiple-choice options, the closest amount to $78,630 is $49,620.

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MARKETING Do you think it is ethical for marketers to directly target children to encourage them to pester their parents for products? Does your response vary according to whether the product would be classified as either healthy or unhealthy? What strategies could public policymakers use to encourage parents to act on their sense of guilt to change their food shopping behaviors?

### Answers

The **ethical implications** of **marketers **directly targeting children to encourage them to pester their parents for products can be debated. From an **ethical standpoint**, it is generally considered manipulative and exploitative to target vulnerable groups, such as children, who may not fully comprehend the marketing tactics or the consequences of their actions.

When it comes to classifying products as healthy or unhealthy, the ethical concerns become more pronounced. If the product being promoted is unhealthy, such as sugary snacks or junk food, targeting children to pester their parents raises additional ethical concerns related to health and well-being.

**Public policymakers **can employ several strategies to encourage parents to act on their sense of guilt and change their food shopping behaviors:

1. Educational campaigns: Educating parents about the negative impacts of unhealthy food and the importance of healthy eating can help them make more informed choices.

2. Labeling and transparency: Implementing clear and prominent labeling systems that indicate the nutritional value of products can empower parents to make healthier choices for their children.

3. Restrictions on advertising: Implementing regulations on marketing practices that directly target children can help minimize their exposure to manipulative advertising tactics.

4. Subsidies and incentives: Offering subsidies or incentives for purchasing healthy food options can make them more accessible and affordable for parents, thereby encouraging healthier food shopping behaviors.

5. Collaboration with stakeholders: Engaging with various stakeholders such as schools, healthcare providers, and community organizations can help create a supportive environment for parents to make healthier choices and reinforce positive behaviors.

It is important for public policymakers to balance the need to protect children and promote their well-being with respect for individual freedom and choice.

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Use the simplex method in tabular form to solve the problem: (5 points) Maximize Z=x 1

−7x 2

+3x 3

subject to 2x 1

+x 2

−x 3

≤4

4x 1

−3x 2

≤2

−3x 1

+2x 2

+x 3

≤3

### Answers

To solve the given **linear programming **problem using the simplex method in tabular form, we will follow these steps:

Step 1: Convert the problem into standard form.

Step 2: Create the** initial simplex tableau.**

Step 3: Perform iterations of the simplex method.

Step 4: Determine the optimal solution.

Let's go through each step in detail:

Step 1: Convert the problem into standard form:

The given problem is already in standard form, where all the constraints are in the form of "≤" inequalities, and the objective function is to be maximized.

Step 2: Create the initial simplex tableau:

We start by creating the initial simplex tableau using the coefficients of the decision variables and the **right-hand sides **of the constraints.

The initial tableau will have the following structure:

The objective function coefficients for x1, x2, and x3 are 1, -7, and 3, respectively.

The initial tableau is as follows:

x1x2x3RHS

Z1-730

C121-14

C24-302

C3-3213

Step 3: Perform iterations of the simplex method:

We will perform iterations until we reach the optimal solution.

First, we identify the pivot column by selecting the most negative coefficient in the Z row. In this case, x2 has the most negative coefficient of -7, so it will be the pivot column.

Next, we find the pivot row by calculating the ratios of the right-hand side values to the corresponding values in the pivot column. The smallest positive ratio determines the pivot row. In this case, the smallest positive ratio is 4/1, which corresponds to C1. Therefore, C1 will be the pivot row.

To perform the pivot operation, we divide the pivot row by the pivot element (1) to make it equal to 1. Then, we perform row operations to make all other elements in the pivot column equal to zero.

The first iteration is as follows:

x1x2x3RHS

Z10108

C121-14

C24-302

C3-3213

Next, we repeat the iteration process until all the coefficients in the Z row are non-negative.

After further iterations, we obtain the final tableau:

x1x2x3RHS

Z00610

C10111

C21026

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Mullineaux Corporation has a target capital structure of 58 percent common stock and 6 percent preferred stock, with the remaining percent in debt. Its cost of equity is 9 percent, the cost of preferred stock is 3 percent, and the pretax cost of debt is 8 percent. The relevant tax rate is 30 percent. What is the aftertax cost of debt?

### Answers

The **aftertax cost** of debt for Mullineaux Corporation is 5.6 percent, considering a **pretax cost** of debt of 8 percent and a tax rate of 30 percent.

To calculate the aftertax cost of debt, we need to consider the **tax shield** provided by the interest expense. The formula to calculate the aftertax cost of debt is:

Aftertax Cost of Debt = Pretax Cost of Debt × (1 - Tax Rate)

Given that the pretax cost of debt is 8 percent and the tax rate is 30 percent, we can substitute these values into the formula:

Aftertax Cost of Debt = 8% × (1 - 0.30) = 8% × 0.70 = 5.6%

Therefore, the aftertax cost of debt for Mullineaux Corporation is 5.6 percent. This calculation takes into account the **tax advantage **of **debt financing**, where interest payments are tax-deductible. By applying the tax rate to the pretax cost of debt, we arrive at the aftertax cost of debt, which represents the **effective cost **to the company after considering the tax savings.

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One common situation that managers find themselves in is keeping a quality workforce.

For that reason, knowing when current employees are planning to end their employment is beneficial.

Do you think it is unethical NOT to tell your boss that you are looking for another job?

What are the situations in which employees have an ethical obligation to provide this information to their managers or supervisors?

When do you feel it is OK to remain silent?

### Answers

It is generally considered** ethical for employees** to inform their managers or supervisors about their intention to leave the company. However, there are certain situations where remaining silent about job searching may be acceptable. Open communication and trust between employees and managers are key to maintaining a healthy work environment.

While it is not necessarily unethical to keep job search information from one's boss, it is generally considered ethical to inform them about plans to leave the company. Open and honest communication fosters trust and allows managers to **effectively plan** for staffing needs and the future of their team.

However, there may be situations where remaining silent about job searching is acceptable, such as when an employee suspects their manager may react negatively or unfairly to the news, or if there are concerns about job security or potential retaliation.

Employees have an ethical obligation to provide information about their job search to their managers in most cases. By doing so, they demonstrate respect for their employer, allow for proper transition planning, and maintain trust in the **professional relationship.**

Managers rely on this information to make informed decisions and ensure continuity within the team. It also allows them to explore ways to retain valuable employees and address any underlying issues that may have contributed to the decision to seek new opportunities.

However, there can be circumstances where it is acceptable to remain silent about job searching. If an employee has valid concerns about potential **negative consequences**, such as being treated unfairly or facing retaliation, they may choose not to disclose their job search.

Similarly, in situations where job security is uncertain or the work environment is toxic, employees may decide to keep their plans confidential until they have secured a new position.

Ultimately, the decision to share or withhold information about a job search depends on the **specific circumstances** and the level of trust and transparency within the organization.

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A company's current soda value is reported as 162.3(in $B) with a past one-year value change of -4%. What was this brand's past year value? please put answer in $B USING 1 DECIMAL PLACE

_________________________________________________________________________________________

2) FIND THE NPV AND IRR: If there is an annual discount rate of 10% for -$750 in year 1, $820 in year 3

### Answers

1) A **company's** current soda value is reported as 162.3(in $B) with a past one-year value change of -4%. What was this brand's past year value?

The formula to calculate a percentage change is:((Current Year Value - Previous Year Value) / Previous Year Value) × 100.

We are given the current year value = 162.3(in $B) and the **percentage** change = -4%.

Let's substitute these values in the formula and solve for the previous year value:((-4) / 100) = ((162.3 - Previous Year Value) / Previous Year Value)-0.04 = (162.3 - Previous Year Value) / Previous Year Value Multiplying by Previous Year Value on both sides, we get:-0.04 × Previous Year Value = 162.3 - Previous Year Value Simplifying further, we get:1.04 × Previous Year Value = 162.3Previous Year Value = 156.25.

Therefore, the past year value of the soda brand was $156.3B (rounded to one decimal place).

2) FIND THE NPV AND IRR: If there is an **annual **discount rate of 10% for -$750 in year 1, $820 in year 3

Given,-$750 in year 1, and$820 in year 3, and a discount rate of 10%.

Net Present Value (NPV) is given by:

NPV = -Initial **Investment **+ (CF1 / (1 + r)¹) + (CF2 / (1 + r)²) + ... + (CFn / (1 + r)ⁿ), where CF = Cash flow in a given year, r = Discount rate, n = Total number of years.

To calculate the NPV for the given data, we get:-750 + (820 / (1 + 0.1)³)

To get the solution: NPV = -750 + (820 / 1.331) = $3.85

Internal Rate of Return (IRR) is the discount rate that makes the NPV of all cash flows from a particular project equal to zero. In this problem, we have two **cash flows**, and therefore the IRR calculation can be done using the formula as follows:

NPV = -Initial Investment + (CF1 / (1 + r)¹) + (CF2 / (1 + r)²) + ... + (CFn / (1 + r)ⁿ)0 = -750 + (820 / (1 + r)³)Multiplying by (1 + r)³ on both sides, we get:0 = -750(1 + r)³ + 820

Simplifying and bringing all the terms to one side, we get:750(1 + r)³ = 820. Taking cube roots of both sides, we get:(1 + r) = [820 / 750]¹/³ - 1= 0.0644.

Therefore, IRR = 6.44% (rounded to two decimal places).

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